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High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is defined as blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm Hg. The condition is a serious concern for some pregnant women.

What to do if one has high blood pressure ?

  • Maintain a healthy body weight.
  • Increase physical activity.
  • Eat a healthy diet- low in salt and fat and high in vegetables and fruits.
  • Do not smoke or drink too much alcohol.
  • Have your blood pressure checked regularly.

What causes high blood pressure ?

  • Obesity
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Irregular daily routine
  • Lack of sleep
  • Too much consumption of sodium (table salt)
  • Older age
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney problems
  • Faulty genes- In many cases, heart problems including high blood pressure are hereditary in nature. They pass on through families.

Here, it is evident that unhealthy, poor lifestyle is one of the prominent reasons for high blood pressure. That's why it is also known as a "lifestyle disorder."

complications of high blood pressure

Blood Pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the Arteries.

  • Heart Attack ( Myocardial Infarction, Cardiomyopathy, Heart Failure )
  • Neurological (Stroke, Dementia )
  • Renal Failure
  • Retinopathy (Visual Loss)
  • Blood Vessel Damage ( Artherosclerosis, Aneurysm )
  • Headache ( Confusion, Convulsion)

11 Ways to Manage High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

  • Monitor Salt Intake
  • Practice Controlled Breathing
  • Make Walking a Habit
  • Prenatal Yoga
  • Increase Potassium Intake
  • Magnesium Rich Foods
  • Weight Control
  • Avoid Caffeinated Drinks
  • Eat Whole Grains
  • Monitor Medications
  • Listen to Music

Consequences of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure (HBP) can injure or kill you. when high blood pressure is uncontrolled, it can lead to:

  • Stroke :
    - HBP damages artries that burst or clog more easily.
    - There are 77% of people who have a first stroke of HBP.
    - HBP increases your stroke risk by four to six times.
  • Heart Failure :
    - HBP can cause the heart to enlarge and fail to supply blood to the body.
    - 75% of people with congestive heart failure have HBP.
  • Erectile Dysfunction :
    HBP leads to erectile dysfunction because of reduced blood flow throughout the body.
  • Vision Loss :
    - HBP can strain the vessels in the eyes .
  • Heart Attack :
    - HBP damages arteries that can become blocked.
    - 69% of people who have a first heart attack have HBP.
  • Kidney Disease/ Failure :
    - HBP can cause arteries around the kidney's to narrow, weaken or harden so the kidneys lose their ability to filter blood.
    - HBP is seconf leading cause of kidney failure.

These conditions can happen over several years, but they can be prevented by controlling blood pressure.
Did you know ?
• At 50, total life expectancy is 5 years longerfor people with normal blodd pressure.
• The estimated cost of HBP in 2010 ( the most-recent statistics available ) is $48.4 billion.

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