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Low Blood Pressure

It occurs because the circulation expands during pregnancy and hormonal changes cause the blood vessels to dilate, leading to a lowering of blood pressure.

How to deal with low blood pressure during pregnancy ?

It is very common for pregnant women to face low blood pressure, because a lot of body changes occur at this time.Most women will notice their blood pressure dropping at some point early on their first trimester, and reaching it's lowest in the middle of their second trimester.

Here we are going to tell you about some facts and precautions to handle low blood pressure during pregnancy..!

Causes of low blood pressure during pregnancy

  • Expansion of Blood Vessels :Low blood pressure during pregnancy can be due to the blood vessels and their expansion.
  • Hypotension in Supine Position :Supine hypotension refers to when a women experiences low blood pressure during pregnancy while lying down. This in turns slows down blood circulation.
  • Hypotension When Rising :Postural hypotension is when your blood pressure drops when you rise quickly from squatting, sitting, or other resting position.
  • Deficiencies : You may develop anemia if you don't get enough folic acid or vitamin B12. Anemia leads to low blood pressure. It is also possible for dehydration to lead to body deficiencies that slow down circulation.

How to deal with low blood pressure during pregnancy ?

Keeping track of your blood pressure on regular basis is a good way to see how healthy your pregnancy is. You should track your low blood pressure during pregnancy along with other data such as sleep, activity and nutrition.

Follow a few steps to help prevent low blood pressure during pregnancy

  • First, keeping hydrated can serve various supports to your pregnancy.
  • When lying down, try to rest on your side instead of your back. This will help blood pressure as well as sciatic nerve and back pain.
  • Anytime you feel like fainting, take the time to sit down and lower your head until the faintness passes. Always take it slow when standing up from a sitting position.
  • You can also help maintain a normal blood pressure by getting regular exercise so talk to your doctor about a safe routine during pregnancy.

WHAT IS LOW DIASTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE ?

Although exact numbers vary person to person, diastolic pressures below 60 mmHg are considered low.

  • MEDICATIONS
    - Erectile dysfunction drugs such as sildenafil (Viagra) or tadalafil (Cialis) especially when combined with other nitrates (e.g. nitroglycerin)
    - Tricyclic antidepressants including doxepin(Silenor), imipramine (Tofranil), protriptyline (Vivactil) and trimipramine (Surmontil)
    - Parkinson's disease drugs
    - Alpha blockers such as prazosin (Minipress) often prescribed for hypertension
    - Diuretics such as furosemide (Lasix) and hydrocholorthiazide (Microzide, Oretic) often prescribed for hypertension and heart failure
    - Beta blockers such as atenolol (Tenormin) and metoprolol (Lopressor) often prescribed for hypertension and after heart attacks
  • PREGNANCY
    caused by expansion of the mother's circulatory system - generally returns to normal after birth
  • HEART CONDITIONS
    including low heart rate (bradycardia), heart valve disorders and heart failure, can lead to insufficient circulation of blood
  • DIET
    insufficient intake of vitamins B12 and folate may cause a person to not make enough red blood cells
  • DEHYDRATION
    can lead to low blood volume, which leads to low blood pressure

WATCH THE DROP

A sudden fall in diastolic (or systolic) pressure of 20 mmHg can lead to a fall in blood supply to the brain — resulting in dizziness or fainting.

WHAT CAN YOU DO?

Talk to your doctor about changing medications diet or other ways to treat low diastolic blood pressure.

POSSIBLE CHANGES INCLUDE:

  • Altering or adding medications
  • Adding salt to your diet (check with your doctor first, however)
  • Drinking more water to avoid dehydration
  • Wearing compression socks to improve circulation

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